At the worst, drug dealers loiter and raccoons move in.
Vacant homes abound in Palm Beach County in the wake of the housing bust, that’s a given. But a new report adds empirical evidence to the anecdotes of knee-high grass and broken windows.
Palm Beach County ranks second among large metro regions for its percent of vacant homes, according to a study released Thursday by the real estate analysis firm Trulia.
With 6.7 percent of all housing units vacant as July, only Detroit is ahead with a 12.1 percent vacancy rate.
The study used U.S. Postal Service data that tallies “active” and vacant homes. Seasonal and vacation homes are not counted as vacant, the Trulia report says. A home is considered vacant 90 days after mail delivery to the address stops.
Jed Kolko, Trulia’s chief economist and head of analytics, said he wasn’t surprised Palm Beach County ranked so high considering Florida’s backlog of foreclosures in the court system and boom-time construction that ran ahead of demand.
Delray Beach resident Diane Borchardt wasn’t shocked either. She said she’s been living next door to a deteriorating vacant house for years. In May, raccoons living in the house killed her cat Mooch, she said.
“It’s just a pit, it’s awful,” Borchardt said of the vacant house on Heron Drive. “It used to be the nicest home in the neighborhood. Now it’s a dump.”
Nationwide, vacancy rates are down slightly from last year, dropping from 3.6 percent to 3.4 percent.
Some areas are seeing double digit percentage decreases including San Jose, Calif., Las Vegas, Nev., Denver, Colo. and Bakersfield, Calif., according to Trulia.
Palm Beach County’s vacancy rate was a 6.5 percent decrease from last year despite the second-place ranking.
While not all vacant homes are abandoned or in foreclosure, those that are can drag down property values and be an overall nuisance.
According to the U.S. Government Accountability Office, vacant and foreclosed homes may reduce prices of nearby homes by $8,600 to $17,000 per property.
“They become a stain on the community,” said Alan Meltzer, president of the Forest Condominium Homeowner Association in suburban West Palm Beach. “They can become targets for people to vandalize and steal from.”
In June, the inspector general of the Federal Housing Finance Agency released a report criticizing lax oversight of contractors tasked with maintaining vacant homes managed by mortgage backers Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
More than 12,600 Florida homes were owned by the two enterprises at the end of 2011, the third highest of all states and 7 percent of their total inventory.
According to the report, the agency did not conduct targeted reviews of contractors hired to mow lawns, repair roofs, change locks, maintain pools and paint.
Diane Springer, code compliance coordinator for the City of Boynton Beach, said banks are better about maintaining homes since the city began requiring them to be registered in 2010. Boynton Beach has about 3,300 vacant and foreclosed homes.
“Now we have the address of the bank and property manager,” Springer said. “Before it was hit or miss and it was difficult to find the right person to complain to.”
The vacancy rate is a good indicator of the shadow market, Kolko said. Vacant homes are less likely to have homeowners negotiating with the bank to find a foreclosure alternative and more likely to hit the market for sale.
With a dwindling supply of homes for sale in Palm Beach County, Realtors said some shadow inventory would be welcome.
“Buyers get frustrated when they ask how they can buy unlisted homes and there isn’t an answer because they are caught up in limbo with one or more lenders or in foreclosure,” said Realtor Shannon Brink. “If lenders could just get them on the market, there are plenty of people that would buy them.”
Metro regions with highest vacancy rates
Detroit, 12.1 percent
Palm Beach County, 6.7 percent
Tucson, 6.6 percent
Broward County, 6.6 percent
Gary, Ind., 6.6 percent
Dayton, Ohio, 6.4 percent
Toledo, Ohio, 6.4 percent
Cleveland, Ohio, 6.2 percent
Brevard County, 5.8 percent
Las Vegas, 5.8 percent
©2012 The Palm Beach Post (West Palm Beach, Fla.)
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